Mahjong Dictionary

  • Aka Dora : In Japanese Mahjong a red five tile. Works the same  as a Dora.
  • Bamboos : One of the three suites in a set of mahjong. Sometimes bamboos are referred to as bones or sticks.
  • Bones : Same as Bamboos
  • Deng : Very loosely used term. Mostly means throwing the same tile as the previous discard.
  • Dora : In Japanese Mahjong a tile that can double your score if present in your hand.
  • Chow : a sequence of three suited tiles declared or concealed. for example 6,7,8. In Japanese mahjong a chow is called a Chii.
  • Eye : The pair in the hand used to declare mahjong. The pair is sometime referred to as the head of the hand.
  • Furiten : Used in Japanese mahjong furiten is when you can complete your had with a tile that you have previously discarded. It is also called the sacred discard.
  • Hu : Alternative way of saying mahjong.
  • Kong : Four identical tiles melded or concealed. In Japanese mahjong its called a Kan.
  • Pong or Pung : three identical tiles declared or concealed. In Japanese mahjong they are called Pon.
  • Riichi : A.k.a. Reach mahjong is a type of mahjong most commonly played in Japan. With the rise of popularity of Japanese Pop culture playing riichi is spreading in north America, Europe and other parts of the world.
  • Shifted chow : two chow that follow shifted from each other in one or two steps (1,2,3 and 2,3,4 OR 1,2,3 and 3,4,5). Shifted chow are most commonly used in Chinese Official Mahjong (a.k.a Mahjong Competition Rules)
  • Straight : Twos chows that are in sequence. for example (2,3,4 and 5,6,7)
  • Tile Hog: Used in Chinese Official Mahjong. Tile Hog is using all fours of a tile in ones winning hand. (Kong excluded).

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